Ambien is used to treat a certain disease called insomnia in adults. Insomnia defines a certain sleep problem or trouble in falling asleep. Ambien helps fall asleep faster so that patients can get better night rest. The generic name of Ambien is Zolpidem. Zolpidem belongs to a class of drugs called sedative-hypnotics. It acts on the brain to produce a calming effect. This medication is usually limited to short treatment periods of 1 to 2 weeks or less.
Ambien (zolpidem) is a sedative, also called a hypnotic. Zolpidem affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with sleep problems insomnia).
Ambien is used to treat insomnia. The immediate-release tablet is used to help you fall asleep when you first go to bed. The extended-release form, Ambien CR, has a first layer that dissolves quickly to help you fall asleep, and a second layer that dissolves slowly to help you stay asleep.
Ambien contains zolpidem tartrate, a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor positive modulator of the imidazopyridine class. AMBIEN is available in 5 mg and 10 mg strength tablets for oral administration.
Chemical name of zolpidem is N,N,6-trimethyl-2-p-tolyl imidazo[1,2-a] pyridine-3-acetamide L-(+)-tartrate (2:1).
The chemical formula structure of Ambien (zolpidem) is given below.
Chemical structure of Ambien (zolpidem)
Zolpidem tartrate is a white to off-white crystalline powder that is sparingly soluble in water, alcohol, and propylene glycol. It has a molecular weight of 764.88.
Each Ambien tablet includes the following inactive ingredients: hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, lactose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, sodium starch glycolate, and titanium dioxide. The 5 mg tablet also contains FD&C Red No. 40, iron oxide colourant, and polysorbate 80.
Precaution to intake Ambien medicine:
Ambien (Zolpidem) may cause a severe allergic reaction. Therefore, it is recommended to take this medicine as prescribed by the medical professional, and not share with other people with the same symptoms without a prescription from a doctor.
Ambien may impair your thinking or reactions. Patients may still feel sleepy the morning after taking this medicine, especially in the case of extended-release tablets. After taking the medicine it is recommended to take a deep rest for at least for 4 hours. Afterwards, the body will be able to do anything that requires it to be awake and alert.
Moreover, patients should immediately inform the doctor in case of medical history of following symptoms before taking the prescription of Ambien (Zolpidem).
Depression, mental illness, or suicidal thoughts;
Drug or alcohol addiction;
Lung disease or breathing problems;
Sleep apnea (breathing stops during sleep)
Liver or kidney disease.
Furthermore, Ambien (Zolpidem) is not recommended for children and pregnant women, as it can be harmful for newborn babies. Additionally, Ambien (Zolpidem) may be habit-forming. Misuse can cause addiction, overdose, or lead to death.
Shape of the Ambien pills:
Pills of Ambien pill imprint with AMB 10 5421 on top of the tablet. The colour of the tablet is white and the shape of the Tablet is Oblong and the generic name of the medicine is Zolpidem.
The picture of the pill is Ambien given below.
Picture of the Ambien Pill
Generic Name: Zolpidem
Imprint: AMB 10 5421
Strength: 10 mg
Size: 10.00 mm
Availability: Prescription only
Dosage of Ambien:
It is recommended to use the lowest dosage of Ambien. The recommendation of initial dosage is 5 mg, and for man it can be extended up to 10 mg. The medicine can be taken at the bedtime of the patient as it requires 7 to 8 hours of healthy sleep after intaking the medicine. However, if 5 mg of medicine is not effective for the patient then it can be increased up to 10 mg. Moreover, after taking this medicine, driving and any other work which requires full attention and awakeness of mind is not recommended to do.
Moreover, elderly and debilitated patients may be more sensitive to the effects of Ambien (Zolpidem). The recommended dose of AMBIEN in these patients is 5 mg once daily immediately before bedtime. Furthermore, patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment do not clear the drug as rapidly as normal subjects, recommended to take 5 mg once daily immediately before bedtime. However, the patient with severe hepatic impairment should avoid Ambien as it may contribute to encephalopathy.
Side effect of Ambien:
Ambien medicine has an opioid nature of medicine, due to which possible side effects occur. Dizziness or sleepiness are the most common side effects of this medicine. Moreover, it may cause a severe allergic reaction due to the effectiveness of the medicine.
These symptoms are:
Hives difficulty breathing
Swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Loss of coordination,
Other symptoms which appear due to the sedative effects of the medicine. These common side effects includes
Daytime drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, feeling “drugged” or light-headed;
Tired feeling, loss of coordination
Stuffy nose, dry mouth, nose or throat irritation
Nausea, constipation, diarrhoea, upset stomach
Headache, muscle pain.
Ambien (zolpidem) is a sedative, also called a hypnotic. Zolpidem affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with sleep problems insomnia). Ambien is used to treat insomnia. The immediate-release tablet is used to help you fall asleep when you first go to bed. Ambien belongs to the drug class of miscellaneous anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics. Risk cannot be ruled out during pregnancy. Ambien 10 mg is classified as a Schedule 4 controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA).