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All About Muscle Relaxer

Muscle relaxants are medications that help reduce muscle spasms, which are involuntary muscle contractions caused by a spine-related problem, such as whiplash, fibromyalgia, or low back strain. Often, muscle spasms cause severe pain and may limit  the patient’s  mobility. Muscle spasms or cramps are sudden, involuntary contractions of muscle or group of muscles. They can cause high muscle strain and pain. They’re associated with conditions such as lower back pain, neck pain, and fibromyalgia.

Muscle spasticity, on the other hand, is a continuous muscle spasm that causes stiffness, rigidity, or tightness that can interfere with normal walking, talking, or movement. Muscle spasticity is caused by injury to parts of the brain or spinal cord involved with movement. Conditions that can cause muscle spasticity include multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral palsy, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Medicine for Muscle Relaxer

Prescription medicines for muscle relaxation are divided into groups: Antispasmodics and Antispastic. Antispasmodics are used to treat muscle spasms, and antiseptics are used to treat muscle spasticity. Some antispasmodics, such as tizanidine, can be used to treat muscle spasticity. However, antispastice should not be used to treat muscle spasms.

Antispasmodics

Antispasmodics are centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxants (SMRs). Centrally acting SMRs are used in addition to rest and physical therapy to help relieve muscle spasms. They’re thought to work by causing a sedative effect or by preventing nerves from sending pain signals to the brain.

While antispasmodics can be used to treat muscle spasms, they have not been shown to work better than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or acetaminophen. In addition, they have more side effects than NSAIDs or acetaminophen.

One of  the most prescribed Antispasmodics is Soma 500 mg. Soma dosage 500 mg is a pain-reliever medicine which relaxes the muscle and blocks the pain sensation between the nerves and brain.

Soma is used to treat skeletal muscle conditions including pain and injury by rest and physical therapy.

The duration of the dosages is a short time period up to two or three weeks. Because mostly the skeletal muscles injuries recover within two or three weeks duration, therefore there is no evidence of its effectiveness in the long term of use of Soma dosage 500 mg.

Precaution to intake the Antispasmodics:

Muscle relaxants such as carisoprodol and diazepam can be habit forming. Be sure to take the medication exactly as directed by the doctor.

Muscle relaxants can also cause withdrawal symptoms, such as seizures or hallucinations (sensing things that aren’t real). Therefore do not stop medication, especially if you’ve been taking it for a long time.

Also, muscle relaxants depress the central nervous system (CNS), making it hard to pay attention or stay awake. While taking a muscle relaxant, avoid activities that require mental alertness or coordination, such as driving or using heavy machinery.

Moreover, avoid taking muscle relaxants (Antispasmodics) with the following.

  • Alcohol
  • CNS depressant drugs, such as opioids or psychotropics
  • Sleeping medications
  • Herbal supplements such as St. John’s wort

Furthermore, inform the doctor before taking this medicine in case of followings.

  • Patients are older than 65 years.
  • Patients are having mental health problems or brain disorders.
  • Patients are having liver problem

Doctors can use certain medications to treat spasticity even when the medicines are not approved for that purpose by the U.S. Food and Drug Association (FDA). This is called off-label drug use.

Soma (carisoprodol) belongs to the drug class skeletal muscle relaxants. Risk cannot be ruled out during pregnancy. Soma (carisoprodol) is classified as a Schedule 4 controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA).

Side effects of Soma (carisoprodol):

The potential side effects occur while the initial dosage of Soma (carisoprodol). 

A sign of allergic reaction could appear after the initial dosage of Soma (carisoprodol) including respiration depression, Swelling over the face, lips, lips, tongue and throat. 

The more common side effects of centrally acting SMRs include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Nervousness
  • Reddish-Purple Or Orange Urine
  • Lowered Blood Pressure Upon Standing

Moreover, in case of serious side effects patients should immediately consult with the doctor and take precaution as directed. 

Antispastics:

Antispastics group of medicine used to treat muscle spasticity. They should not be used to treat muscle spasms. These drugs include:

Baclofen: Baclofen (Lioresal) is used to relieve spasticity caused by MS. It’s not fully understood how it works, but it seems to block nerve signals from the spinal cord that cause muscles to spasm. Side effects can include drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, and fatigue.

Dantrolene: Dantrolene (Dantrium) is used to treat muscle spasms caused by spinal cord injury, stroke, cerebral palsy, or MS. It works by acting directly on the skeletal muscle to relax the muscle spasm. Side effects can include drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, and fatigue.

Diazepam: Diazepam (Valium) is used to relieve muscle spasms caused by inflammation, trauma, or muscle spasticity. It works by increasing the activity of a certain neurotransmitter to decrease the occurrence of muscle spasms. Diazepam is a sedative. Side effects can include drowsiness, fatigue, and muscle weakness.

Summary:

There are two groups of muscle relaxants available. Antispasmodics and Antispastics. One of the most prescribed Antispasmodics is Soma (carisoprodol). Soma dosage 500 mg is a pain-reliever medicine which relaxes the muscle and blocks the pain sensation between the nerves and brain. Moreover,  Soma (carisoprodol) can be habit forming. Be sure to take the medication exactly as directed by the doctor.

Muscle relaxants can also cause withdrawal symptoms, such as seizures or hallucinations (sensing things that aren’t real). Therefore do not stop medication, especially if you’ve been taking it for a long time.

Moreover, Soma (carisoprodol) belongs to the drug class skeletal muscle relaxants. Risk cannot be ruled out during pregnancy. Soma (carisoprodol) is classified as a Schedule 4 controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA).

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